Overview
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Endangered

Native Speakers Worldwide

518

Domains of Use

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Speaker Number Trends

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Transmission

No data

Community Members

    No members

Revitalization Programs

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Discussion Forum

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Language Information By Source

Language endangerment in South America: The clock is ticking.
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Endangered

Native Speakers Worldwide

518

Domains of Use

No data

Speaker Number Trends

No data

Transmission

No data

Speakers

Second-language speakers

No data

Semi-speakers

No data

Child speakers

No data

Young adult speakers

No data

Older adult speakers

No data

Elder Speakers

No data

Ethnic Population

732

Non-monolingual speakers

No data

More about speakers

No data

Year of info

2012

Location and Context

Countries

No data

Coordinates

No data

Location description

No data

Government support

No data

Institutional support

No data

Speakers’s attitudes

No data

Standard orthography

No data

Script (Writing system)

No data

Other writing systems

No data

More on writing systems

No data

Other languages used

No data

Domains of other languages

No data

More on context

No data

Endangered

Native Speakers Worldwide

782

Domains of Use

No data

Speaker Number Trends

No data

Transmission

No data

Speakers

Second-language speakers

No data

Semi-speakers

No data

Child speakers

No data

Young adult speakers

No data

Older adult speakers

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Elder Speakers

No data

Ethnic Population

No data

Non-monolingual speakers

No data

More about speakers

No data

Year of info

2010

Location and Context

Countries

No data

Coordinates

-12.5867,-69.0161

Location description

No data

Government support

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Institutional support

No data

Speakers’s attitudes

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Standard orthography

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Script (Writing system)

No data

Other writing systems

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More on writing systems

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Other languages used

No data

Domains of other languages

No data

More on context

No data

No data

Native Speakers Worldwide

No data

Domains of Use

No data

Speaker Number Trends

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Transmission

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Speakers

Second-language speakers

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Semi-speakers

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Child speakers

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Young adult speakers

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Older adult speakers

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Elder Speakers

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Ethnic Population

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Non-monolingual speakers

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More about speakers

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Year of info

Location and Context

Countries

Peru; Bolivia

Coordinates

No data

Location description

Spoken in the basin of the Madre de Dios River, near Puerto Maldonado in Peru, and around the Tambopata River and its tributaries (also in Peru), as well as in the basin of the Beni River, in the areas near the cities of Rurrenabaque and Riberalta in Bolivia.

Government support

No data

Institutional support

No data

Speakers’s attitudes

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Standard orthography

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Script (Writing system)

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Other writing systems

Spoken in the basin of the Madre de Dios River, near Puerto Maldonado in Peru, and around the Tambopata River and its tributaries (also in Peru), as well as in the basin of the Beni River, in the areas near the cities of Rurrenabaque and Riberalta in Bolivia.

More on writing systems

No data

Other languages used

No data

Domains of other languages

No data

More on context

No data

Threatened

Native Speakers Worldwide

1,200

Domains of Use

No data

Speaker Number Trends

No data

Transmission

No data

Speakers

Second-language speakers

No data

Semi-speakers

No data

Child speakers

No data

Young adult speakers

No data

Older adult speakers

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Elder Speakers

No data

Ethnic Population

No data

Non-monolingual speakers

No data

More about speakers

No data

Year of info

2007

Location and Context

Countries

Amazon region, Bolivia and Peru

Coordinates

No data

Location description

Portachuelo is the "Bolivian nucleus" of speaker population

Government support

No data

Institutional support

No data

Speakers’s attitudes

No data

Standard orthography

No data

Script (Writing system)

No data

Other writing systems

Portachuelo is the "Bolivian nucleus" of speaker population

More on writing systems

No data

Other languages used

No data

Domains of other languages

No data

More on context

No data

Threatened

Native Speakers Worldwide

1,770

Domains of Use

No data

Speaker Number Trends

No data

Transmission

No data

Speakers

Second-language speakers

No data

Semi-speakers

No data

Child speakers

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Young adult speakers

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Older adult speakers

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Elder Speakers

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Ethnic Population

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Non-monolingual speakers

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More about speakers

1,300 in Bolivia (2000 SIL). Population total all countries: 1,770. Ethnic population: 1,300 in Bolivia (2000 SIL).

Year of info

2009

Location and Context

Countries

Bolivia; Peru;

Coordinates

No data

Location description

No data

Government support

No data

Institutional support

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Speakers’s attitudes

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Standard orthography

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Script (Writing system)

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Other writing systems

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More on writing systems

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Other languages used

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Domains of other languages

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More on context

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Threatened

Native Speakers Worldwide

1090

Domains of Use

No data

Speaker Number Trends

No data

Transmission

No data

Speakers

Second-language speakers

No data

Semi-speakers

No data

Child speakers

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Young adult speakers

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Older adult speakers

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Elder Speakers

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Ethnic Population

940

Non-monolingual speakers

No data

More about speakers

500 in Bolivia (Crevels 2007), ethnic population 940 (2006 PIB). Total users in all countries: 1,090. 590 in Peru (2007 census), ethnic population 1090 (2007 census).

Year of info

2016

Location and Context

Countries

Peru, Bolivia

Coordinates

No data

Location description

No data

Government support

No data

Institutional support

No data

Speakers’s attitudes

No data

Standard orthography

No data

Script (Writing system)

No data

Other writing systems

No data

More on writing systems

No data

Other languages used

Spanish

Domains of other languages

No data

More on context

No data

Threatened

Native Speakers Worldwide

~725

Domains of Use

No data

Speaker Number Trends

No data

Transmission

No data

Speakers

Second-language speakers

No data

Semi-speakers

No data

Child speakers

No data

Young adult speakers

No data

Older adult speakers

No data

Elder Speakers

No data

Ethnic Population

805

Non-monolingual speakers

No data

More about speakers

In Peru, there are 225 speakers out of an ethnic group of the same size; in Bolivia there are about 500 speakers out of an ethnic group of 580.

Year of info

2007

Location and Context

Countries

Bolivia and Peru

Coordinates

No data

Location description

Bolivia, departments of La Paz, Beni and Pando, provinces of Iturralde, Ballivian, Vaca Diez and Madre de Dios, on the Beni and Madre de Dios rivers; Peru, along the rivers Madre de Dios and Tambopata and their headwaters in three settlements: Sonene, Palma Real and Infierno.

Government support

No data

Institutional support

No data

Speakers’s attitudes

No data

Standard orthography

No data

Script (Writing system)

No data

Other writing systems

Bolivia, departments of La Paz, Beni and Pando, provinces of Iturralde, Ballivian, Vaca Diez and Madre de Dios, on the Beni and Madre de Dios rivers; Peru, along the rivers Madre de Dios and Tambopata and their headwaters in three settlements: Sonene, Palma Real and Infierno.

More on writing systems

No data

Other languages used

No data

Domains of other languages

No data

More on context

No data

No data

Native Speakers Worldwide

No data

Domains of Use

No data

Speaker Number Trends

No data

Transmission

No data

Speakers

Second-language speakers

No data

Semi-speakers

No data

Child speakers

No data

Young adult speakers

No data

Older adult speakers

No data

Elder Speakers

No data

Ethnic Population

No data

Non-monolingual speakers

No data

More about speakers

No data

Year of info

2005

Location and Context

Countries

No data

Coordinates

-11.0,-66.0

Location description

No data

Government support

No data

Institutional support

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Speakers’s attitudes

No data

Standard orthography

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Script (Writing system)

No data

Other writing systems

No data

More on writing systems

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Other languages used

No data

Domains of other languages

No data

More on context

No data

Threatened

Native Speakers Worldwide

1,772

Domains of Use

No data

Speaker Number Trends

No data

Transmission

No data

Speakers

Second-language speakers

No data

Semi-speakers

No data

Child speakers

No data

Young adult speakers

No data

Older adult speakers

No data

Elder Speakers

No data

Ethnic Population

No data

Non-monolingual speakers

No data

More about speakers

No data

Year of info

Location and Context

Countries

No data

Coordinates

No data

Location description

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Government support

No data

Institutional support

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Speakers’s attitudes

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Standard orthography

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Script (Writing system)

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Other writing systems

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More on writing systems

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Other languages used

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Domains of other languages

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More on context

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Media Resources

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Filter By

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  1. Endangered Languages Catalogue Project. Compiled by research teams at University of Hawai'i Mānoa and Institute for Language Information and Technology (LINGUIST List) at Eastern Michigan University
    2012. "Endangered Languages Catalogue Project. Compiled By Research Teams At University of Hawai'i Mānoa and Institute For Language Information and Technology (LINGUIST List) At Eastern Michigan University."
  2. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, 16th Edition (2009)
    Lewis, M. Paul (ed.). 2009. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, 16 edn. http://www.ethnologue.com/home.asp. (15 February, 2011.)
    http://www.ethnologue.com/
  3. Atlas of the World’s Languages in Danger
    Moseley, Christopher (ed.). 2010. Atlas of the World’s Languages in Danger, 3rd edn. http://www.unesco.org/culture/en/endangeredlanguages/atlas. (03 June, 2011.)
    http://www.unesco.org/culture/en/endangeredlanguages/atlas
  4. World Oral Literature Project
    "World Oral Literature Project." Online: http://www.oralliterature.org.
    http://www.oralliterature.org
  5. South America
    Crevels, Mily. 2007. "South America." In Atlas of the World's Endangered Languages, edited by C. Moseley. 103-196. London & New York: Routledge.
  6. Language endangerment in South America: The clock is ticking.
    Crevels, Mily. 2012. "Language Endangerment in South America: The Clock Is Ticking." In The Indigenous Languages of South America: A Comprehensive Guide, 167-234. Mouton de Gruyter.
  7. "Documentation of the Ese Ejja language of the Amazonian region of Bolivia" HRELP Abstract
    Vuillermet, Marine. 2007. ""Documentation of the Ese Ejja Language of the Amazonian Region of Bolivia" HRELP Abstract." Online: http://www.hrelp.org/grants/projects/index.php?projid=99.
    http://www.hrelp.org/grants/projects/index.php?projid=99
  8. The World Atlas of Language Structures
    2005. "The World Atlas of Language Structures." edited by Bernard Comrie et al. Oxford University Press.
  9. Ese'ejja
    Shoemaker, Jack and Nola Shoemaker. 1965. "Ese'ejja." In Gramáticas estructurales de lenguas bolivianas 3, edited by Esther Matteson. 181-306. Instituto Lingüístico de Verano.
  10. Comparative Tacanan Phonology
    Key, Mary R. 1968. "Comparative Tacanan Phonology." Mouton.
  11. Chama Phonology
    Firestone, Homer L. 1955. "Chama Phonology." In International Journal of American Linguistics, 21 , no. 1: 52-55.
  12. Vocabulario Español-Huarayo
    Aza, José Pio. 1928. "Vocabulario Español-Huarayo." Lima: Imprenta Americana.
  13. Essejja
    Shoemaker, Jack S. and Nola K. Shoemaker. 1967. "Essejja." In Bolivian Indian grammars 1, edited by Esther Matteson. 16: 209-283. Summer Institute of Linguistics of the University of Oklahoma.
  14. Lexico Ese-Eja-Español, Español-Ese-Eja
    Chavarrıa Marıa C. 1980. "Lexico Ese-Eja-Español, Español-Ese-Eja." 43: Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos.