Overview
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Threatened

Native Speakers Worldwide

4,297

Domains of Use

No data

Speaker Number Trends

No data

Transmission

No data

Community Members

    No members

Revitalization Programs

No programs

Discussion Forum

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Language Information By Source

Language endangerment in South America: The clock is ticking
Arrow pointing down
Threatened

Native Speakers Worldwide

4,297

Domains of Use

No data

Speaker Number Trends

No data

Transmission

No data

Speakers

Second-language speakers

No data

Semi-speakers

No data

Child speakers

No data

Young adult speakers

No data

Older adult speakers

No data

Elder Speakers

No data

Ethnic Population

5,297

Non-monolingual speakers

No data

More about speakers

297 speakers (and ethnic population) in Colombia (2001); 4000 speakers among an ethnic population of 5000 people in Peru.

Year of info

2012

Location and Context

Countries

Colombia, Peru

Coordinates

No data

Location description

No data

Government support

No data

Institutional support

No data

Speakers’s attitudes

No data

Standard orthography

No data

Script (Writing system)

No data

Other writing systems

No data

More on writing systems

No data

Other languages used

No data

Domains of other languages

No data

More on context

No data

Threatened

Native Speakers Worldwide

4,000

Domains of Use

No data

Speaker Number Trends

No data

Transmission

No data

Speakers

Second-language speakers

No data

Semi-speakers

No data

Child speakers

No data

Young adult speakers

No data

Older adult speakers

No data

Elder Speakers

No data

Ethnic Population

No data

Non-monolingual speakers

No data

More about speakers

No data

Year of info

2010

Location and Context

Countries

No data

Coordinates

-3.3598,-72.3779

Location description

No data

Government support

No data

Institutional support

No data

Speakers’s attitudes

No data

Standard orthography

No data

Script (Writing system)

No data

Other writing systems

No data

More on writing systems

No data

Other languages used

No data

Domains of other languages

No data

More on context

No data

Threatened

Native Speakers Worldwide

No data

Domains of Use

No data

Speaker Number Trends

No data

Transmission

No data

Speakers

Second-language speakers

No data

Semi-speakers

No data

Child speakers

No data

Young adult speakers

No data

Older adult speakers

No data

Elder Speakers

No data

Ethnic Population

No data

Non-monolingual speakers

No data

More about speakers

No data

Year of info

Location and Context

Countries

Peru; Colombia; Brazil

Coordinates

No data

Location description

Spoken in the basin of the Putumayo River in Amazonas, Peru (on the border with Colombia) and the Ampiyacu River in the province of Mariscal Ramón Castilla, in the department of Loreto, Peru; there are also speakers, to a lesser extent, in Colombia and Brazil.

Government support

No data

Institutional support

No data

Speakers’s attitudes

No data

Standard orthography

No data

Script (Writing system)

No data

Other writing systems

Spoken in the basin of the Putumayo River in Amazonas, Peru (on the border with Colombia) and the Ampiyacu River in the province of Mariscal Ramón Castilla, in the department of Loreto, Peru; there are also speakers, to a lesser extent, in Colombia and Brazil.

More on writing systems

No data

Other languages used

No data

Domains of other languages

No data

More on context

No data

Threatened

Native Speakers Worldwide

~5690

Domains of Use

No data

Speaker Number Trends

No data

Transmission

No data

Speakers

Second-language speakers

No data

Semi-speakers

No data

Child speakers

No data

Young adult speakers

No data

Older adult speakers

No data

Elder Speakers

No data

Ethnic Population

6000

Non-monolingual speakers

No data

More about speakers

2,000 monolinguals. (Unchanged 2016.)

Year of info

2009

Location and Context

Countries

Colombia; Peru;

Coordinates

No data

Location description

No data

Government support

No data

Institutional support

No data

Speakers’s attitudes

No data

Standard orthography

No data

Script (Writing system)

No data

Other writing systems

No data

More on writing systems

No data

Other languages used

No data

Domains of other languages

No data

More on context

No data

Threatened

Native Speakers Worldwide

4,000

Domains of Use

No data

Speaker Number Trends

No data

Transmission

No data

Speakers

Second-language speakers

No data

Semi-speakers

No data

Child speakers

No data

Young adult speakers

No data

Older adult speakers

No data

Elder Speakers

No data

Ethnic Population

5,295

Non-monolingual speakers

No data

More about speakers

4,000 speakers in Peru

Year of info

2007

Location and Context

Countries

Peru and Colombia

Coordinates

No data

Location description

Peru, northeast, along the headwaters of the Amazon River from Iquitos up to the Brazilian border Colombia, Department of Amazonas, on the Tucuchira River near Leticia.

Government support

No data

Institutional support

No data

Speakers’s attitudes

No data

Standard orthography

No data

Script (Writing system)

No data

Other writing systems

Peru, northeast, along the headwaters of the Amazon River from Iquitos up to the Brazilian border Colombia, Department of Amazonas, on the Tucuchira River near Leticia.

More on writing systems

No data

Other languages used

No data

Domains of other languages

No data

More on context

No data

No data

Native Speakers Worldwide

No data

Domains of Use

No data

Speaker Number Trends

No data

Transmission

No data

Speakers

Second-language speakers

No data

Semi-speakers

No data

Child speakers

No data

Young adult speakers

No data

Older adult speakers

No data

Elder Speakers

No data

Ethnic Population

No data

Non-monolingual speakers

No data

More about speakers

No data

Year of info

2005

Location and Context

Countries

No data

Coordinates

-3.5,-72.0

Location description

No data

Government support

No data

Institutional support

No data

Speakers’s attitudes

No data

Standard orthography

No data

Script (Writing system)

No data

Other writing systems

No data

More on writing systems

No data

Other languages used

No data

Domains of other languages

No data

More on context

No data

Threatened

Native Speakers Worldwide

5,692

Domains of Use

No data

Speaker Number Trends

No data

Transmission

No data

Speakers

Second-language speakers

No data

Semi-speakers

No data

Child speakers

No data

Young adult speakers

No data

Older adult speakers

No data

Elder Speakers

No data

Ethnic Population

No data

Non-monolingual speakers

No data

More about speakers

No data

Year of info

Location and Context

Countries

No data

Coordinates

No data

Location description

No data

Government support

No data

Institutional support

No data

Speakers’s attitudes

No data

Standard orthography

No data

Script (Writing system)

No data

Other writing systems

No data

More on writing systems

No data

Other languages used

No data

Domains of other languages

No data

More on context

No data

Media Resources

No resources

No resources

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Filter By

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  1. Diccionario Yagua - Castellano
    Powlison, Paul. 1995. "Diccionario Yagua - Castellano." 35: 771. Ministerio de Educación and Instituto Lingüístico de Verano. Online: http://www.sil.org/americas/peru/html/pubs/show_work.asp?id=590.
    http://www.sil.org/americas/peru/html/pubs/show_work.asp?id=590
  2. Diccionario Yagua - Castellano
    Powlison, Paul S. 1995. "Diccionario Yagua - Castellano." 35: Ministerio de Educación and Instituto Lingüı.
  3. Clitic Doubling, Reflexives, and Word Order Alternations in Yagua
    Everett, Daniel L. 1989. "Clitic Doubling, Reflexives, and Word Order Alternations in Yagua." In Language, 65: 339-372.
  4. The Twins Stories: Participant Coding in Yagua Narrative
    Payne, Thomas Edward. 1992. "The Twins Stories: Participant Coding in Yagua Narrative." University of California Press.
  5. Describing morphosyntax: A guide for field linguists
    Payne, Thomas Edward. 1997. "Describing Morphosyntax: A Guide For Field Linguists." Cambridge University Press.
  6. The Pragmatics of Word Order: Typological Dimensions of Verb Initial Languages
    Payne, Doris L. 1990. "The Pragmatics of Word Order: Typological Dimensions of Verb Initial Languages." Mouton de Gruyter.
  7. Indios selváticos de la Amazonía peruana
    Girard, Raphaël. 1958. "Indios Selváticos De La Amazonía Peruana." 356. México: Libro Mexicana.
  8. Los Yagua
    Chaumeil, Jean-Pierre. 1994. "Los Yagua." In Guía etnográfica de la alta Amazonía 1: Mai Huna, Yagua, Ticuna, edited by F. Santos and F. Barclay. 81: 181-308. Lima: FLACSO, Quito/IFEA.
  9. Bibliografía de los Yagua del Nor-Oeste Amazónico
    Chaumeil, J. P. 1976, 1987. "Bibliografía De Los Yagua Del Nor-Oeste Amazónico." In Amazonía Peruana, 1, 8 , no. 1, 14: 159-176, 161-164.
  10. Yagua
    Payne, Doris L. and Thomas Payne. 1990. "Yagua." In Handbook of Amazonian Languages 2, edited by Desmond C. Derbyshire and Geoffrey K. Pullum. 249-474. Mouton de Gruyter.
  11. Aspects of the Grammar of Yagua: A Typological Approach
    Payne, Doris. 1985. "Aspects of the Grammar of Yagua: A Typological Approach."
  12. Endangered Languages Catalogue Project. Compiled by research teams at University of Hawai'i Mānoa and Institute for Language Information and Technology (LINGUIST List) at Eastern Michigan University
    2012. "Endangered Languages Catalogue Project. Compiled By Research Teams At University of Hawai'i Mānoa and Institute For Language Information and Technology (LINGUIST List) At Eastern Michigan University."
  13. Yagua
    Payne, Doris L. and Thomas E. Payne. 1990. "Yagua." In Handbook of Amazonian Languages, edited by Desmond C. Derbyshire and Geoffrey K. Pullum. II: 249-474. Mouton de Gruyter.
  14. Basic Constituent Order in Yagua Clauses: Implications for Word Order Universals
    Payne, Doris L. 1986. "Basic Constituent Order in Yagua Clauses: Implications For Word Order Universals." In Handbook of Amazonian Languages, edited by Desmond C. Derbyshire and Geoffrey K. Pullum. I: 440-465. Mouton de Gruyter.
  15. Aspects of the Grammar of Yagua: A Typological Perspective (Peru)
    Payne, Doris Lander. Aspects of the Grammar of Yagua: A Typological Perspective (Peru). PhD thesis, Los Angeles: University of California, 1985.
  16. The World Atlas of Language Structures
    2005. "The World Atlas of Language Structures." edited by Bernard Comrie et al. Oxford University Press.
  17. Language endangerment in South America: The clock is ticking
    Crevels, Mily. 2012. "Language Endangerment in South America: The Clock Is Ticking." In The Indigenous Languages of South America: A Comprehensive Guide, edited by Hans Henrich Hock et al.. 167-234. Mouton de Gruyter.
  18. South America
    Crevels, Mily. 2007. "South America." In Atlas of the World's Endangered Languages, edited by C. Moseley. 103-196. London & New York: Routledge.
  19. World Oral Literature Project
    "World Oral Literature Project." Online: http://www.oralliterature.org.
    http://www.oralliterature.org
  20. Atlas of the World’s Languages in Danger
    Moseley, Christopher (ed.). 2010. Atlas of the World’s Languages in Danger, 3rd edn. http://www.unesco.org/culture/en/endangeredlanguages/atlas. (03 June, 2011.)
    http://www.unesco.org/culture/en/endangeredlanguages/atlas
  21. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, 16th Edition (2009)
    Lewis, M. Paul (ed.). 2009. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, 16 edn. http://www.ethnologue.com/home.asp. (15 February, 2011.)
    http://www.ethnologue.com/