Overview
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Language Information By Source

Los Hablantes del Idioma Baure
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Critically Endangered

Native Speakers Worldwide

20

Domains of Use

No data

Speaker Number Trends

No data

Transmission

No data

Speakers

Second-language speakers

No data

Semi-speakers

44

Child speakers

No data

Young adult speakers

No data

Older adult speakers

No data

Elder Speakers

No data

Ethnic Population

No data

Non-monolingual speakers

No data

More about speakers

The Baure dialect has 11 speakers who report they speak the language perfectly, and 6 who report speaking "very well." a further 39 report speaking some or many words and phrases. The Carmelito dialect has 3 reported fluent speakers, as well as a handful of semi-speakers. The Joaquiniano dialect has no reported fluent speakers, and 5 reported semi speakers.

Year of info

2010

Location and Context

Countries

No data

Coordinates

No data

Location description

No data

Government support

No data

Institutional support

No data

Speakers’s attitudes

No data

Standard orthography

No data

Script (Writing system)

No data

Other writing systems

No data

More on writing systems

No data

Other languages used

Spanish

Domains of other languages

No data

More on context

There have been several attempts to develop a revitalization program, including language teaching in schools and language classes offered by the members of the Proyecto de la Documentación del Idioma Baure, which may result in an increase in the number of speakers in younger generations.

Severely Endangered

Native Speakers Worldwide

55

Domains of Use

No data

Speaker Number Trends

No data

Transmission

No data

Speakers

Second-language speakers

No data

Semi-speakers

No data

Child speakers

No data

Young adult speakers

No data

Older adult speakers

No data

Elder Speakers

No data

Ethnic Population

No data

Non-monolingual speakers

No data

More about speakers

No data

Year of info

2010

Location and Context

Countries

No data

Coordinates

-13.1008,-64.5007

Location description

No data

Government support

No data

Institutional support

No data

Speakers’s attitudes

No data

Standard orthography

No data

Script (Writing system)

No data

Other writing systems

No data

More on writing systems

No data

Other languages used

No data

Domains of other languages

No data

More on context

No data

Severely Endangered

Native Speakers Worldwide

~66

Domains of Use

No data

Speaker Number Trends

No data

Transmission

No data

Speakers

Second-language speakers

No data

Semi-speakers

No data

Child speakers

No data

Young adult speakers

No data

Older adult speakers

No data

Elder Speakers

No data

Ethnic Population

No data

Non-monolingual speakers

No data

More about speakers

"ya no hay personas que hablan el joaquiniano con fluidez; sólo algunos de los ancianos de la zona recuerdan algo. El Carmen tiene sólo seis personas que hablan perfectamente el carmalito, pero todos ellos exepto uno, son mayores de 70 años." (p. 295) "En el pueblo de Baures y en las comunidades aldeañas, hay por lo menos 60 personas que hablan la lengua con suficiente fluidez y habilidad, pero la mayoría de ellos son mayores de 60 años ... Además, hay un número estimado de 100 a 200 semi-hablantes mayores de 50 años de edad y por lo menos 500 con un conocimiento pasivo de la lengua (probablemente mayores de 40 años. Sin embargo, también hay un número de niños y miembros de las generaciones más jóvenes que aprenden algo de baure de sus abuelos. Todos los hablantes son bilingües en baure y castellano" (p. 296). [there are no people who speak joaquiniano fluently; only some of the elders of the area remember something. El Carmen has only six people who speak carmalito perfectly, but all of them exept one are older than 70. (p. 295)" In Baures and surrounding communities, there are at least 60 people who speak the language with sufficient fluency and competence, but most of them are over 60 ... in addition, there are an estimated of 100 to 200 semi-speakers over 50 years old and at least 500 with a passive knowledge of the language (probably over 40 years. Nevertheless, there are also a number of children and members of the younger generations who learn some Baure from their grandparents. All speakers are bilingual in Spanish and Baure (p. 296].

Year of info

2012

Location and Context

Countries

No data

Coordinates

No data

Location description

No data

Government support

No data

Institutional support

No data

Speakers’s attitudes

No data

Standard orthography

No data

Script (Writing system)

No data

Other writing systems

No data

More on writing systems

No data

Other languages used

No data

Domains of other languages

No data

More on context

No data

Severely Endangered

Native Speakers Worldwide

13

Domains of Use

No data

Speaker Number Trends

No data

Transmission

No data

Speakers

Second-language speakers

No data

Semi-speakers

No data

Child speakers

No data

Young adult speakers

No data

Older adult speakers

No data

Elder Speakers

No data

Ethnic Population

631

Non-monolingual speakers

No data

More about speakers

Data for the number of native speakers and the ethnic population come from Adelaar (2000). 40 (Crevels 2007), decreasing. Ethnic population: 980 (2006 PIB) (2013).

Year of info

2009

Location and Context

Countries

Bolivia;

Coordinates

No data

Location description

Beni Department, Iténez and Mamoré provinces, between the Iténez and Río Blanco rivers, Baures, Huacaraje, Magdalena municipalities, southeast of Magdalena, mainly in Baures and El Carmen villages, also San Miguel, Tujure, Cairo, Alta Gracia, Jasiaquini, Bereuro, San Francisco, San Pedro, Buena Hora, Las Peñas, Pueblo Baure.

Government support

No data

Institutional support

No data

Speakers’s attitudes

No data

Standard orthography

No data

Script (Writing system)

No data

Other writing systems

Beni Department, Iténez and Mamoré provinces, between the Iténez and Río Blanco rivers, Baures, Huacaraje, Magdalena municipalities, southeast of Magdalena, mainly in Baures and El Carmen villages, also San Miguel, Tujure, Cairo, Alta Gracia, Jasiaquini, Bereuro, San Francisco, San Pedro, Buena Hora, Las Peñas, Pueblo Baure.

More on writing systems

No data

Other languages used

No data

Domains of other languages

No data

More on context

No data

Severely Endangered

Native Speakers Worldwide

67

Domains of Use

No data

Speaker Number Trends

No data

Transmission

No data

Speakers

Second-language speakers

No data

Semi-speakers

No data

Child speakers

No data

Young adult speakers

No data

Older adult speakers

No data

Elder Speakers

No data

Ethnic Population

886

Non-monolingual speakers

No data

More about speakers

No data

Year of info

2012

Location and Context

Countries

No data

Coordinates

No data

Location description

No data

Government support

No data

Institutional support

No data

Speakers’s attitudes

No data

Standard orthography

No data

Script (Writing system)

No data

Other writing systems

No data

More on writing systems

No data

Other languages used

No data

Domains of other languages

No data

More on context

No data

Critically Endangered

Native Speakers Worldwide

40

Domains of Use

No data

Speaker Number Trends

No data

Transmission

No data

Speakers

Second-language speakers

No data

Semi-speakers

No data

Child speakers

No data

Young adult speakers

No data

Older adult speakers

No data

Elder Speakers

No data

Ethnic Population

630

Non-monolingual speakers

No data

More about speakers

All speakers of Baure are over 50 years old.

Year of info

2007

Location and Context

Countries

Bolivia: villages of Baures and El Carmen

Coordinates

No data

Location description

Bolivia, Department of Beni, provinces of Itenez and Mamore, between the Itenez and Rio Blanco rivers, municipalities of Baures, Huacaraje and Magdalena, southeast of Magdalena, in the villages of Baures and El Carmen

Government support

No data

Institutional support

No data

Speakers’s attitudes

No data

Standard orthography

No data

Script (Writing system)

No data

Other writing systems

Bolivia, Department of Beni, provinces of Itenez and Mamore, between the Itenez and Rio Blanco rivers, municipalities of Baures, Huacaraje and Magdalena, southeast of Magdalena, in the villages of Baures and El Carmen

More on writing systems

No data

Other languages used

No data

Domains of other languages

No data

More on context

No data

No data

Native Speakers Worldwide

No data

Domains of Use

No data

Speaker Number Trends

No data

Transmission

No data

Speakers

Second-language speakers

No data

Semi-speakers

No data

Child speakers

No data

Young adult speakers

No data

Older adult speakers

No data

Elder Speakers

No data

Ethnic Population

No data

Non-monolingual speakers

No data

More about speakers

No data

Year of info

2005

Location and Context

Countries

No data

Coordinates

-13.0833333333,-64.1666666667

Location description

No data

Government support

No data

Institutional support

No data

Speakers’s attitudes

No data

Standard orthography

No data

Script (Writing system)

No data

Other writing systems

No data

More on writing systems

No data

Other languages used

No data

Domains of other languages

No data

More on context

No data

Severely Endangered

Native Speakers Worldwide

13

Domains of Use

No data

Speaker Number Trends

No data

Transmission

No data

Speakers

Second-language speakers

No data

Semi-speakers

No data

Child speakers

No data

Young adult speakers

No data

Older adult speakers

No data

Elder Speakers

No data

Ethnic Population

No data

Non-monolingual speakers

No data

More about speakers

No data

Year of info

Location and Context

Countries

No data

Coordinates

No data

Location description

No data

Government support

No data

Institutional support

No data

Speakers’s attitudes

No data

Standard orthography

No data

Script (Writing system)

No data

Other writing systems

No data

More on writing systems

No data

Other languages used

No data

Domains of other languages

No data

More on context

No data

Media Resources

No resources

No resources

No resources

No resources

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No programs

  1. Endangered Languages Catalogue Project. Compiled by research teams at University of Hawai'i Mānoa and Institute for Language Information and Technology (LINGUIST List) at Eastern Michigan University
    2012. "Endangered Languages Catalogue Project. Compiled By Research Teams At University of Hawai'i Mānoa and Institute For Language Information and Technology (LINGUIST List) At Eastern Michigan University."
  2. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, 16th Edition (2009)
    Lewis, M. Paul (ed.). 2009. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, 16 edn. http://www.ethnologue.com/home.asp. (15 February, 2011.)
    http://www.ethnologue.com/
  3. Atlas of the World’s Languages in Danger
    Moseley, Christopher (ed.). 2010. Atlas of the World’s Languages in Danger, 3rd edn. http://www.unesco.org/culture/en/endangeredlanguages/atlas. (03 June, 2011.)
    http://www.unesco.org/culture/en/endangeredlanguages/atlas
  4. World Oral Literature Project
    "World Oral Literature Project." Online: http://www.oralliterature.org.
    http://www.oralliterature.org
  5. South America
    Crevels, Mily. 2007. "South America." In Atlas of the World's Endangered Languages, edited by C. Moseley. 103-196. London & New York: Routledge.
  6. Language endangerment in South America: The clock is ticking
    Crevels, Mily. 2012. "Language Endangerment in South America: The Clock Is Ticking." In The Indigenous Languages of South America: A Comprehensive Guide, edited by Hans Henrich Hock et al.. 167-234. Mouton de Gruyter.
  7. The World Atlas of Language Structures
    2005. "The World Atlas of Language Structures." edited by Bernard Comrie et al. Oxford University Press.
  8. Los Hablantes del Idioma Baure
    Proyecto de la Documentación del Idioma Baure. 2010. "Los Hablantes Del Idioma Baure."
  9. Baure
    Wallin, Ruth and Priscilla M. Baptista. 1965. "Baure." In Gramáticas estructurales de lenguas bolivianas 3, 1-98: Instituto Lingüístico de Verano.
  10. Estado de las lenguas indígenas del Oriente, Chaco y Amazonia Bolivianos
    Bazán, Rodríguez and Luis Antonio. 2000. "Estado De Las Lenguas Indígenas Del Oriente, Chaco Y Amazonia Bolivianos." In As Línguas Amazônicas Hoje/Las Lenguas Amazonicas Hoy/Les Langues d'Amazonie aujourd'hui/The Amazonian Languages Today, edited by F. Queixalós and O. Renault-Lescure. 129-150. São Paulo: Museo Paraense Emilio Goeldi.
  11. Baure: An Arawak Language of Bolivia
    Danielsen, Swintha. 2007. "Baure: An Arawak Language of Bolivia." 6: Netherlands: Research School of Asian, African and Amerindian Studies (CNWS), Universiteit Leiden.
  12. Baure
    Baptista, Priscilla M. and Ruth Wallin. 1967. "Baure." In Bolivian Indian grammars 1, edited by Esther Matteson. 16: 27-84. Summer Institute of Linguistics of the University of Oklahoma.