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Language Information By Source

A sociolinguistic study of Gurung in Nepal
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Threatened

Native Speakers Worldwide

325,000

Domains of Use

No data

Speaker Number Trends

No data

Transmission

No data

Speakers

Second-language speakers

No data

Semi-speakers

No data

Child speakers

No data

Young adult speakers

No data

Older adult speakers

No data

Elder Speakers

No data

Ethnic Population

522,000

Non-monolingual speakers

all

More about speakers

Numbers given here cover both Western and Eastern Gurung speakers. "Despite regional differences in speech that may be found, Gurungs view themselves as having one homogenous ethnic identity. Those who have left their home area may no longer speak their Gurung language, but still identify themselves with the Gurung community and culture. They refer to their ethnic community as ‘Tamu’ and their language as ‘Tamu Kyi.’ Despite acknowledging dialectal differences in various Gurung-speaking regions, they consider ‘Tamu Kyi’ to be one language." (p.3)

Year of info

2015

Location and Context

Countries

Nepal

Coordinates

No data

Location description

the Gandaki zone

Government support

No data

Institutional support

No data

Speakers’s attitudes

positive

Standard orthography

No data

Script (Writing system)

Devanagari script

Other writing systems

the Gandaki zone

More on writing systems

No data

Other languages used

Nepali; English

Domains of other languages

many

More on context

Younger generations and educated people use more Nepali than Gurung.

At risk

Native Speakers Worldwide

201,300

Domains of Use

No data

Speaker Number Trends

No data

Transmission

No data

Speakers

Second-language speakers

No data

Semi-speakers

No data

Child speakers

No data

Young adult speakers

No data

Older adult speakers

No data

Elder Speakers

No data

Ethnic Population

543,571

Non-monolingual speakers

No data

More about speakers

125,000 in Nepal (2007). Population total all countries: 201,300. Ethnic population: 543,571

Year of info

2009

Location and Context

Countries

Nepal; India; Bhutan

Coordinates

No data

Location description

No data

Government support

No data

Institutional support

No data

Speakers’s attitudes

No data

Standard orthography

No data

Script (Writing system)

No data

Other writing systems

No data

More on writing systems

No data

Other languages used

No data

Domains of other languages

No data

More on context

No data

Endangered

Native Speakers Worldwide

227,918

Domains of Use

No data

Speaker Number Trends

No data

Transmission

No data

Speakers

Second-language speakers

No data

Semi-speakers

No data

Child speakers

No data

Young adult speakers

No data

Older adult speakers

No data

Elder Speakers

No data

Ethnic Population

449,189

Non-monolingual speakers

No data

More about speakers

The speaker number given here covers both Western and Eastern Gurung speakers.

Year of info

2007

Location and Context

Countries

Nepal

Coordinates

No data

Location description

No data

Government support

No data

Institutional support

No data

Speakers’s attitudes

No data

Standard orthography

No data

Script (Writing system)

No data

Other writing systems

No data

More on writing systems

No data

Other languages used

No data

Domains of other languages

No data

More on context

No data

No data

Native Speakers Worldwide

No data

Domains of Use

No data

Speaker Number Trends

No data

Transmission

No data

Speakers

Second-language speakers

No data

Semi-speakers

No data

Child speakers

No data

Young adult speakers

No data

Older adult speakers

No data

Elder Speakers

No data

Ethnic Population

No data

Non-monolingual speakers

No data

More about speakers

No data

Year of info

2005

Location and Context

Countries

No data

Coordinates

28.3333333333,84.3333333333

Location description

No data

Government support

No data

Institutional support

No data

Speakers’s attitudes

No data

Standard orthography

No data

Script (Writing system)

No data

Other writing systems

No data

More on writing systems

No data

Other languages used

No data

Domains of other languages

No data

More on context

No data

Vulnerable

Native Speakers Worldwide

72,082

Domains of Use

No data

Speaker Number Trends

No data

Transmission

No data

Speakers

Second-language speakers

No data

Semi-speakers

No data

Child speakers

No data

Young adult speakers

No data

Older adult speakers

No data

Elder Speakers

No data

Ethnic Population

No data

Non-monolingual speakers

No data

More about speakers

No data

Year of info

Location and Context

Countries

No data

Coordinates

No data

Location description

No data

Government support

No data

Institutional support

No data

Speakers’s attitudes

No data

Standard orthography

No data

Script (Writing system)

No data

Other writing systems

No data

More on writing systems

No data

Other languages used

No data

Domains of other languages

No data

More on context

No data

Media Resources

No resources

No resources

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  1. Endangered Languages Catalogue Project. Compiled by research teams at University of Hawai'i Mānoa and Institute for Language Information and Technology (LINGUIST List) at Eastern Michigan University
    2012. "Endangered Languages Catalogue Project. Compiled By Research Teams At University of Hawai'i Mānoa and Institute For Language Information and Technology (LINGUIST List) At Eastern Michigan University."
  2. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, 16th Edition (2009)
    Lewis, M. Paul (ed.). 2009. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, 16 edn. http://www.ethnologue.com/home.asp. (15 February, 2011.)
    http://www.ethnologue.com/
  3. World Oral Literature Project
    "World Oral Literature Project." Online: http://www.oralliterature.org.
    http://www.oralliterature.org
  4. The World Atlas of Language Structures
    2005. "The World Atlas of Language Structures." edited by Bernard Comrie et al. Oxford University Press.
  5. Sememic and Grammatical Structures in Gurung (Nepal)
    Glover, Warren W. 1974. "Sememic and Grammatical Structures in Gurung (Nepal)." 49: The Summer Institute of Linguistics and the University of Texas at Arlington.
  6. Conversational Gurung
    Glover, Jessie R. and Deu Bahadur Gurung. 1979. "Conversational Gurung." 13: vii+216. Canberra: Australian National University.
  7. Gurung dialects
    Glover, Warren W. and John K. Landon. 1980. "Gurung Dialects." In Papers in South-East Asian linguistics No.~7, 53: 29-77. Canberra: Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University.
  8. South Asia and the Middle East
    George van Driem. 2007. "South Asia and the Middle East." In Encyclopedia of the World's Endangered Languages, edited by C. Moseley. 283-348. London & New York: Routledge.
  9. Tone in Tibeto-Burman Languages: Typological and Sociolinguistic Approaches
    Hildebrandt, Kristine A. 2007. “Tone in Tibeto-Burman Languages: Typological and Sociolinguistic Approaches.” p. 67-90 in New Trends in Typology: Young Typologists’ Contributions to Linguistic Theory. Matti Miestamo and Bernhard Waelchli, eds. Berlin: Mouton.
  10. A sociolinguistic study of Gurung in Nepal
    Janel Swenson, Stephanie Eichentopf, and Jessica Mitchell. 2015. A sociolinguistic study of Gurung in Nepal. SIL International & Linguistic Survey of Nepal, SIL Nepal & Tribhuvan University. http://www.sil.org/resources/archives/62050
    http://www.sil.org/resources/archives/62050